Burn Injury Prevention Month

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The Burn Injury Prevention Month is an annual campaign held every March to raise awareness on the danger and prevention of fire and burn injury. It was declared by President Corazon Aquino on 23 January 1989.

Scalds (from cooking liquids, grease, and food, as well as tap water and steam) are the most common burn injury among young children and one of the leading causes of accidental death in the home for children under age four. Increased awareness of the dangers can prevent injuries.

Simple precautions to help keep children from potential burns:

  • Cool a burn under cold running water for 10 to 15 minutes.
  • Supervise children in the kitchen and dining areas.
  • Keep children away while preparing and serving hot foods and beverages.
  • Don't carry or hold a child while cooking in the stove. Instead, place the child into a high chair or other safe area while cooking.
  • As children love to reach, use the back burner of the stove and turn pot handles away from its edge. Keep hot foods away from the edge of the counters.
  • Keep clothes from coming in contact with flames or heating elements.
  • To prevent accidental scalding, set the water heater to 120 degrees Fahrenheit or the manufacturer’s recommended setting.
  • Place matches, gasoline, and lighters in a safe place out of children's reach. Avoid buying novelty lighters which look like toys in a child's eyes.
  • Fill the bathtub with cold water first then mix in warmer water carefully.
  • Never microwave a child's bottle or allow children to remove items from the microwave.
  • Install smoke alarms in home.
  • Have an electrician check wirings and electrical outlets every 5 years. Check the gas stove for leaks.
  • Unplug all electrical appliances before leaving home. Unplug irons after use. Blow out candles before leaving the house or going to bed.
  • Do not smoke in bed especially when sleepy. Fully extinguish the cigarette before throwing it into the trash bin.
  • Have a fire extinguisher which is strategically placed in the house.
  • Teach family members how to extinguish clothing on fire with the stop, drop, roll technique.

First Aid for Burns

  • Remove the person from the burning area and douse flames with water or a blanket.
  • Remove clothing or jewelry near the burnt part of the body unless it is stuck to the burnt skin.
  • Cool the burned area with cool or lukewarm water for at least 10 minutes.
  • Prevent hypothermia by keeping the burn victim warm with a blanket or layers of clothing. Keep the burnt area uncovered.
  • Treat minor burns with burn ointment after thorough cleansing.



References




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